Infant Mortality in India
According to a recent report by Save the Children, an international NGO one –fifths of the world’s new born deaths occur in India. The survey done in 14 countries reveal that countries like Peru, Bangladesh and Nepal have done better than India in terms of neo-natal mortality. According to the findings of the report, over four lakh newborns die within the first 24 hours every year in India-the highest anywhere in India.
India also has the highest under-five mortality with over 2 million children dying before their fifth birthday-that is one death every 15 seconds. About 90% of these deaths are preventable. One-third of all malnourished children live in India.46% of children under 3 years are underweight. A child’s chances of survival varies in different states-the infant mortality rate in Orissa is 96 per 1000 live births in Kerala it is only 14 per 1000.India ranks 171 out of 175 countries in public health spending.
Despite rapid economic growth, India’s record on child mortality at 72 per 1000 live births is much higher than other poor countries like Bangladesh. In 2000 India has vowed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of reducing under five mortality rate by two-thirds by 2015.The report suggest that it is not possible to meet the goal until 2020.
Other Social Issues in India