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Sociology of mob lynching

Since last few years, India is witnessing an unusual rising trend in crimes related to mob violence in the name of religion caste or color etc. It spread in the form of vigilantism against cow slaughter, taking a communal color with members of minority community attacked and lynched based on rumors and false propaganda through social media. According to unofficial estimates so far around 120 people have been killed through the country.

If we look up the definition of lynching (Britannica.com), it is a form of violence in which a mob, under the pretext of administering justice without trial, executes a presumed offender, often after inflicting torture and corporal mutilation. The term lynch law refers to a self-constituted court that imposes sentence on a person without due process of law.

The imposition of ban on the sale and purchase of cattle for slaughter at animal markets across India, under Prevention of Cruelty to Animals statutes (26th May 2017) by Government of India sparked a new wave of cow vigilante in the country. Even after Supreme Court, suspended the ban on the sale of cattle in its judgment in July 2017, giving relief to the multi-billion dollar beef and leather industries and several states where beef is one among the primary foods, there was a rise in attacks on Muslims accusing them as cow smugglers. Several dozen innocent Muslims were killed in such mob attack just on suspicion of possessing beef.

In a common pattern, mob lynching is being instigated by some organizations or group of vicious individuals to communalize the society. These incidents are usually appearing to be sporadic in nature and often a spontaneous response from the some people who are furious over the reports of cow smuggling and slaughter. But it is misleading as it shows planned attacks just before the 2019 general elections.Read more at 


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