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Education share in Budget 2020

Azad India Foundation released a fact sheet on the status of school education financing in India.The fact sheet has been prepared by the Center for Budget and Policy Studies after a detailed study of public expenditure in 16 states supported by UNICEF and the analysis of educational finances in six states.The report highlights the gender based deprivation of girl child in India where 40% of the girls between the age of 15 -18 are not enrolled in any educational institution.As per the report ,nearly 60 million children lack access to education in India. The fact sheet indicates a downward trend of spending in the education sector as one of the biggest challenges.A CBPS report quoted in the fact sheet specifies a direct relation between public investment in education and child development and empowerment. The fact sheet reveals the contrasting trend of spending between the Union and state governments.The report identifies a decrease in the union budget allocation to education which fell from 4.14% in 2014-15 to 3.40 % in 2019-20.In school education the money spent had dropped from Rs 38000 crore in 2014-15 to Rs 37,100 crore in 2018-19. Further 70% the education sector expenditure depends on funds gathered through education cess. The state government’s spending on education is higher standing between 70 and 80% of the total budget.However due to centrally sponsored schemes ,where the funding is shared by center and state,the allocation has declined over time even at the state level. AIF has demanded more generous funding of education and that the Right to Education Act 2009 be amended to make school education free and complusory upto Class XII. To address the gender gap in education , AIF has recommended investment more in secondary schools in all neighbourhoods ,increased allocation  to interventions like safety of girls,women teachers and gender sensitization training.

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