Globally births by caesarean have increased in recent years. While nearly one in every two births in China is delivered by C-section, the rate is around two in five in Thailand and Vietnam and nearly one in five in India.
According to WHO which reviewed 110,000 births from nine countries in Asia during 2007-2008, 27% births were delivered by C-section. A survey in Latin America found that 35% of pregnant women were delivered by C-section. In India the rate is 18% still lower than China where it stands at 46% followed by Vietnam (36%) and Thailand (34%).
According to the reports more than 60% of the hospitals where these C-section took place did it for financial gains and not because it was required. This boom has jeopardized women’s health in world over. Even women due to fear of labour are opting for C-section. The morbidity and mortality rates are much higher in such cases. Unnecessary C-sections are not only costlier but dangerous as well. In India it costs an average of Rs 20,000 more than normal. Some estimates say C-section have risen from 5% to almost 65% in some private hospitals in India. Women who undergo caesarean without requiring it were 10 times more likely to be admitted to ICU than those who gave birth normally.
According to Asian Survey studying 24,000 pregnant women in Gujarat, Delhi and Madhya Pradesh, where labour had already started, women who had a surgical delivery despite not requiring one were 67% times more likely to be admitted to ICU than those who had a natural birth. Deliveries were examined in 122 randomly selected public and private hospitals. All the hospitals recorded more than 1,000 births a year.