India tops the list of highest mortality rate of under –five children in 2011 a new United Nations Global Estimate on child mortality reports.
About 16.55 lakh children below the age of five died in India in 2011 that is 6 times higher than China. China has reported the death of around 2.49 lakh children under the age of five.
In 2011 around 50% of the global under five deaths occurred in five countries - India, Nigeria, Congo, Pakistan and China.
According to the report, though India has made a lot of progress with a 48% decline in death rate its performance was much lower than poorer countries such as Bangladesh, Rwanda, Nepal and Malawi.
While Bangladesh reported decline of 66.9%, Nepal reported a fall of 64.3%. This shows that the total number of under five child deaths was highest in India when compared to neighboring countries. The official sources say that the budget for children has increased manifold since the 1990s, the situation is bad in 200 backward districts regarding child mortality.
Globally the under five-child mortality rate has come down from nearly 12 million in 1990 to 6.9 million in 2011.